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European Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Volume 15 Issue 6, Pages 747–759 (2009)
doi: 10.1255/ejms.1040

Mass spectrometric and peptide chip epitope mapping of rheumatoid arthritis autoantigen RA33

R.F. El-Kased,a C. Koy,a T. Deierling,a P. Lorenz,b Z. Qian,c Y. Li,c H.-J. Thiesenb and M.O. Glockera,*
aProteome Center Rostock, University of Rostock, Schillingallee 69, 18057 Rostock, Germany. E-mail
bInstitute of Immunology, University of Rostock, Schillingallee 68, 18057 Rostock, Germany
cKey Laboratory of Systems Biology, Shanghai Center for Bioinformation Technology, Shanghai, China

The protein termed RA33 was determined to be one major autoantigen in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and antiRA33 auto≠antibodies were found to appear shortly after onset of RA. They are often detectable before a final diagnosis can be made in the clinic. The aim of our study is to characterise the epitope of a monoclonal antiRA33 antibody on recombinant RA33 using mass spectrometric epitope mapping. Recombinant RA33 has been subjected to BrCN cleavage and fragments were separated by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Subsequent in-gel proteolytic digestion and mass spectrometric analysis determined the partial sequences in the protein bands. Western blotting of SDS-PAGE-separated protein fragments revealed immuno-positive, i.e. epitope-containing bands. BrCN-derived RA33 fragments were also separated by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and immuno-reactivity of peptides was measured by dot–blot analysis with the individual HPLC fractions after partial amino acid sequences were determined. The epitope region identified herewith was compared to data from peptide chip analysis with 15-meric synthetic peptides attached to a glass surface. Results from all three analyses consistently showed that the epitope of the monoclonal antiRA33 antibody is located in the aa79–84 region on recombinant RA33; the epitope sequence is MAARPHSIDGRVVEP. Sequence comparisons of the 15 best scoring peptides from the peptide chip analysis revealed that the epitope can be separated into two adjacent binding parts. The N-terminal binding parts comprise the amino acid residues “DGR”, resembling the general physico–chemical properties “acidic/polar–small–basic”. The C-terminal binding parts contain the amino acid residues “VVE”, with the motif “hydrophobic–gap–acidic”. The matching epitope region that emerged from our analysis on both the full-length protein and the 15-meric surface bound peptides suggests that peptide chips are indeed suitable tools for screening patterns of autoantibodies in patients suffering from autoimmune diseases.

Keywords: autoimmune diseases, RA33 autoantigen, monoclonal antibody, mass spectrometry, epitope mapping, peptide chip analysis

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